Everyone has suffered a headache at some point in their lives – and they’re not fun. It is one of the most common forms of pain that stems from the central nervous system, and is often the main reason why people miss school or work.
The National Headache Foundation estimates that around 28 million Americans suffer from migraines alone.
Types Of Headaches
Headaches can be caused from a variety of reasons. The main reasons are stress, poor diet, and posture. Poor diet often leads to vascular problems like high blood pressure, inflammation and toxic overload, and stress and posture can cause tight muscles and lots of tension that can trigger a headache almost immediately.
Here are six types of headaches one can experience:
1- TMJ Headache
caused by problems with the jaw, jaw joint, and lower facial muscles. It can be triggered by teeth grinding or clenching (especially at night), tension in the jaw, dislocation of the jaw joint or arthritis. This pain can also spread upwards towards the cheeks, temples, and ears, or downwards to the neck and shoulder.
Damage to the temporomandibular joint, either through trauma or daily wear and tear, can result in TMJ symptoms, including jaw pain and tension headaches. Additional TMJ symptoms can include:
- clicking sounds when moving the jaw
- difficulty chewing or biting
- ear ache
- facial pain
- “grating” feeling while chewing
- less range when closing / opening the mouth
- tender jaws.
2- Sinus Headache
Your sinuses are air-filled spaces inside your forehead, cheekbones, and behind the bridge of your nose.
occurs when the sinuses become blocked or inflamed. The pain can be felt behind the cheeks, nose and eyes, and can get worse when you bend forward or just wake up. Common causes include allergic reactions, infection, or less likely, a tumour. Symptoms can very closely resemble those of a migraine.
You’ll feel a deep and constant pain in your cheekbones, forehead, or the bridge of your nose. The pain usually gets stronger when you move your head suddenly or strain. At the same time, you might have other sinus symptoms, such as:
- A runny nose
- Feeling of fullness in your ears
- Swelling in your face
3 -Cluster Headache
a very sharp, painful headache that can come on and off several times a day for months, followed by headache-free periods that last up to 6 months. The pain is accompanied by bloodshot eyes and a runny nose, and comes with very little warning. It typically affects only one side of the head, and areas include above the eye and near the temples. These headaches last less than an hour and come around the same time each day
4 -Tension Headache
often caused by stress and anxiety, which can cause tight muscles in the shoulders, neck and jaw. The headache causes pressure, pulling, and contractions that affect your temples, face and scalp. It can last a few minutes, to a few days, and can be triggered by lack of sleep, missed meals, stressful situations, heavy emotions, Low iron levels, or alcohol.
- Mild to moderate pain or pressure in the front, top, or sides of the head
- Headache that starts later in the day
- Trouble sleeping
- Feeling very tired
- Trouble focusing
- Mild sensitivity to light or noise
- Muscle aches
5 – Neck Headache
these headaches stem from pain in the neck and shoulder blades, however you perceive the pain as originating in the back of your head or at the base of your skull. The best way to get relief is to fix the underlying cause, whether that be a pinched nerve, muscle knots, muscle damage, abnormal bone growths, tissue swelling, joint problems, or less likely, tumours. Relief can be found through massage, acupuncture, physiotherapy and chiropractic.